Jeff Arnold’s West

The blog of a Western fan, for other Western fans

The Crimson Trail (Universal, 1935)


Buck rides for Universal


From time to time on this blog we have mentioned the great Buck Jones (left). I am especially fond of the lyrical and charming John Ford-directed Just Pals, a Fox picture of 1920, in which Buck played the town bum, Bim.

In my review of that movie I gave a brief summary of Jones’s career:


Buck was one of the great silent cowboys. Brought up (according to some) on a ranch in Indian Territory, he learned roping and riding early and after Army service he joined the Miller Brothers’ 101 Ranch Wild West show and became their champ bronco buster. He settled in Hollywood and got work on many Westerns, especially with Tom Mix, then starred in his own. With his famous horse Silver, Buck was one of the most popular actors in the genre, and at one point, amazingly, he was receiving more fan mail than any actor in the world. He successfully made the transition to talkies [at Columbia] and starred in nearly 150 pictures. He died aged 50 in 1942 after receiving horrific burns in a fire in a night club.


Today we’ll have a look at one of his Universal pictures of the early 30s. We were talking the other day about how Ken Maynard separated from the studio in 1934 (Universal boss Carl Laemmle couldn’t stand his appalling behavior anymore and thought his last Western really bad; Maynard went off in a huff to Mascot). Laemmle replaced Maynard with Buck Jones – billed then as Charles ‘Buck’ Jones – as his principal Western star. Buck led in four Westerns for the studio in 1934, and seven in ’35, of which The Crimson Trail was one.




The first thing you notice is the poor quality of the print and the sound. Buck’s Columbia pictures are often in quite good nick but some of these Universal ones would benefit greatly from remastering. Still, they are ‘period’ artefacts and you live with it.


There’s rarely any music either, perhaps as a budget-saving measure. These pictures are hardly big productions. But actually silence can make a refreshing change every now and then.


One reason I like The Crimson Trail is because a young Ward Bond is the bad guy. I say young, but maybe youngish would be nearer the mark: he was born in 1903. He had made his Western debut with his great pal John Wayne in an uncredited bit-part in The Big Trail in 1930, and he then became a regular heavy in Buck Jones oaters (this was already his seventh). In The Crimson Trail he is a ranch foreman, Luke, who is secretly leading a gang of rustlers, the skunk. You can tell he’s bad because he drinks. Prohibition had ended in 1933 but it had left its mark. Heroes usually refused alcohol in post-‘33 Westerns while the bad guys swigged from a bottle.



Buck is captured by Ward’s gang. Loco delights.


Luke shoots rancher Bellair (Carl Stockdale, who alibied one of the key suspects in the sensational Hollywood murder of director William Desmond Taylor in 1922, and was in 116 Westerns, from 1913 to 1942).





Buck and Silver come to the aid of the fallen Bellair and his glam daughter, Kitty (Polly Ann Young, Duke’s amour in The Man from Utah). But Buck is nephew to Bellair’s rival and enemy, Carter (Charles K French, a Western regular ever since The Mexican’s Crime in 1909), and despite the kindness Buck has shown, he is persona non grata at the Bellair ranch.



Buck goes to the aid of the wounded rancher – and the fair maiden, natch.
Silver (disgracefully cropped in the photo) looks protectively on.


Buck finds the outlaws’ cabin and overhears their wicked plans but is captured by the hooligans. Now we are introduced to someone even badder than Ward Bond, the evil and aptly-named Loco. He seems to have strayed over from another Universal lot, one where a horror movie was being made, for he has a crazed and manic laugh and delights in telling his victims about the pain they are shortly to undergo. He toys with a grisly axe.



Bleifer is Loco


Loco is played with gusto by John Bleifer, born in Poland in the then Russian Empire, known for his work on the 1935 Les Miserables. It could just as easily have been Lon Chaney. Bleifer didn’t do Westerns as a rule.



Will Buck escape? Heart-in-mouth time


However, Loco is cheated of his prey for Buck escapes, you will be amazed to hear. Meanwhile, though, the Bellair ranch hands, led by Tom (Charles Brinley, a Western stalwart who appeared in 126 titles from 1916 to ’39) want revenge for the shooting of their boss, and with torches they ride at night to burn the Carter ranch.


Now Luke abducts the fair Kitty and takes her to the cabin-lair, where, in pure 30s-horror style the mad Loco has designs on her, in a sadly innocent way, and she recoils in horror. Luke ain’t pleased with that either because when he discovers Loco pawing the girl he shoots him. Luke then puts Kitty on his horse and, riding double, they head for the border, but of course they are no match for Silver. There’s a great fistfight between Buck and Ward. The girl sends the clever Silver to find the ranch hands. “Silver, go fetch them!” He duly gallops off, finds Tom and the boys, and when Tom asks the nag, “Something wrong?” Silver nods and neighs and leads them to the battling duo. There’s a “surprise” ending when we find that Loco isn’t dead after all, the bad guys are bested, the two ranchers make up and move in together (Carter’s ranch having been burned down), Buck gets the girl and we end with a kiss. A most satisfactory time was had by all. The End.



Grippng showdown shoot-out in the rocks


Buck wears make-up that appears to have been applied with a trowel. But the whole thing is gripping. My dog Wyatt was fascinated throughout and was especially interested in the galloping scenes, of which there are many. Buck particularly spends most of the picture galloping hither and yon.





5 Responses

  1. Nobody commenting out there? Personally, I am delighted that you have featured the great Buck Jones, Jeff. He was immensely popular with boys of all ages and stood out from all the rest as having a great deal of charm but you also felt he was the 'real deal'.
    I personally favour his Columbia titles (1930-34) though most of his Universal series (1934-38) are not far behind. John Bleifer is a strange fit for a western frankly but he is certainly a novelty.

    Buck was No. 1 western star at the Box Office 1934-35 but then the whole genre was knocked sideways by the Autry phenomenon and the 'straight' western guys like Buck struggled.

    I certainly hope others might have more to add (and more interesting than mine) and I hope to see more of Buck on here in the future.

    1. Hi Jerry
      We'll have a look at a couple of Buck's Columbia efforts later. Today I've posted on another Universal effort.
      Certainly you are right that Buck was enormously popular.

  2. Jeff, good write-up. I agree with you in that watching a Western of this type can make a refreshing change every now and then. Especially, if you have attempted to watch a recently made grim downer.

    The first Buck Jones Western that I saw was WHITE EAGLE(1932), which was scripted by Fred Myton and directed by Lambert Hillyer. Ward Bond was really a badman in this one. I saw this movie on the big screen in 1980. Ray Nielsen producer and host of THE GOOD TIMES PICTURE SHOW(1976-98), which aired on the local PBS station, presented a weekly showing of Westerns from the 1930's, at the local university movie auditorium. After viewing the movie a discussion followed. I liked Buck Jones in WHITE EAGLE the best. It was one of Jones' Columbia Pictures.

    There is a story out there about producer/director/star Buck Jones being furious with director Lesley Selander during the filming of BLACK ACES(1937). In an interview given by co-star Kay Linaker to Mike Fitzgerald for WESTERN CLIPPINGS, she tells her story, "I actually crossed the Kern River on the old swing bridge. No one told me the weight of my body forced the boards to rise to meet my feet with each step. With the wind swinging the bridge from side to side, looking down at the Kern River forty feet below boiling over the rocks, holding my hat on my head (I had just taken it from one of the ‘heavies’ and it had no chin strap) and hanging onto the handhold cable—it was the longest block and a half I ever walked. Buck Jones was furious with the director, Les Selander. As a matter of fact, if I’m not mistaken, Les’ credit does not appear on the crawl. (Buck is credited as director/producer.—ed.) The stunt girl, Aline Goodwin, was furious. She was done out of a fat fee and felt it absolutely cruel to put me through such trauma. I heartily agreed—but the scene is effective. Buck Jones was one of God’s good gentlemen and an honor to the motion picture business.” The rest of the interview can be read here.

    1. Hi there Walter
      Fascinating stuff. Thanks for the great anecdote on Black Aces, which I have remorselessly plundered for today's post!

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