Jeff Arnold’s West

The blog of a Western fan, for other Western fans

Waco (Paramount, 1966)


OK if you’re desperate for a Western


Waco was an AC Lyles production. Andrew Craddock Lyles, Jr (1918 – 2013), pictured left, was, as you probably know, a film producer for Paramount Pictures, best known for making a variety of Westerns in the 1950s and 1960s. Lyles said that he was asked by Paramount to do a Western when they realized they had none on their schedule of releases. When Law of the Lawless did well at the box office in 1964, Paramount asked him how many more he could do a year. Lyles replied “five” and he was given the green light to produce more second features for the studio (though not five a year). Lyles filled his cast with many older, experienced actors who were his personal friends. The glory days of the Western were pretty well over and Lyles’s 60s oaters tended to be rather cheap looking, slightly lurid and the actors were often showing signs of middle-aged spread. The glory days of the 1950s were definitely over. But the pictures had their charm.


Waco had Howard Keel and Jane Russell topping the billing. Keel, then in his late forties, had been the brawny baritone of MGM who had them swooning in the aisles. He’d been Frank Butler to Betty Grable’s Annie Oakley in Annie Get Your Gun in 1950 and three years later he was Wild Bill Hickok to Doris Day’s Jane Canary in Calamity Jane. He had tried a slightly more serious Western part in Ride, Vaquero! the same year but it was back to form in the dire (but popular) Seven Brides for Seven Brothers the following year. These musicals can only be defined as Westerns by a stretch. He would be Levi Walking Bear in John Wayne’s The War Wagon the year after Waco but in all honesty one would hardly define him as a leading Western actor. He would become well kown on Dallas. Still, he was good enough for Lyles.



Lyles, Russell, Keel on the set


As for Ms Russell, well, she was ‘only’ forty-five at the time but, without wishing to be ungallant (though I fear that an occasional lack of gallantry is one of your Jeff’s rare faults) she looks rather bizarre in this picture, with a small cosmetically altered head on a, ahem, rather substantial body. I am sure she was a very nice person and all but she was, I fear, another who was slightly unsuited to the Western – though she was doubtless a good actress in other kinds of movie. She had famously started in our noble genre with the (then) sensational The Outlaw in 1943, a perfectly dreadful picture, had redeemed herself in 1948 as Calamity Jane (another one) in the highly entertaining The Paleface with Bob Hope in 1948, and returned in the 1952 sequel (which I think was even better) Son of Paleface in 1952. The same year she was Montana Belle, then she appeared with Clark Gable in the interminable, plodding and turgid The Tall Men. Waco was her seventh and last big-screen oater.



La Russell does her thing


By 1966, though, I’m not sure that the Keel-Russell billing was going to have them waiting in lines round the block to see a Western.


The rest of the cast had a certain Western cachet, I guess, but they too were hardly John Wayne. Brian Donlevy got third billing but it was a real cheat because he only had a couple of scenes and total screen time was about one minute. I like Donlevy in other genres (e.g. as Quatermass), and he had a fascinating life, but he was another who never quite convinced in Westerns.



Donlevy makes a token appearance


Now, who else can I be rude about? Oh yes, Wendell Corey.


Corey (right) was a Hal B Wallis discovery and got a Paramount contract but he tended to be cast in supporting roles and then from the 1960s did a lot of TV work. His career wasn’t exactly helped by an alcohol problem. As far as Westerns were concerned, he’d started second billed but weak in The Furies (produced by Wallis), he’d been Frank James in the pretty clunky The Great Missouri Raid and then he was brother Jesse (a very unconvincing one) in Alias Jesse James,  another Bob Hope comedy. But he really didn’t ‘do’ Westerns, not properly. In Waco he plays a pastor – appropriately, actually, as he was the son of a clergyman. He’s Jane Russell’s husband. They both wear somber black throughout.



John Smith (left) had been Slim Sherman on Laramie on TV (he was the heart-throb of one of my sisters; another preferred Robert Fuller and they disagreed). Here, with a little more avoirdupois, he plays the crooked saloon owner and would-be town boss (all proper Westerns have to have one). Blonds can play villains in Westerns, though rarely goodies (it’s one of the reasons why Alan Ladd was unconvincing in the genre). Smith’s OK, I guess, though the picture really needed that smarmy blond saloon owner de luxe, Lyle Bettger, who was still going strong in 1966 – in fact he was in another Lyles Western, Johnny Reno. One good thing, though: as is only right and proper, the slimy saloon owner has a derringer! Excellent. In fact he does for the pastor with it. No bad thing. Of course the preacher had to croak so that Waco could go off with Jane Russell.


Lower down the cast list we have John Agar in a small part. He had started at the top in Westerns but worked his way down. He married Shirley Temple and was cast by John Ford as one of her suitors in the great Fort Apache in 1948, and also got a part in its sequel She Wore a Yellow Ribbon the year after. Ford, who could be a nasty bully, made Agar’s life hell on the set but John Wayne stood up for him (as he often did; he was a decent man) and later in life gave the out-of-work actor parts in his 60s commercial movies: in fact Agar’s last three were Duke pictures. Waco, and Johnny Reno, were the last he did before those Wayne vehicles.


Robert Lowery is the mayor. He had been in John Ford’s Drums along the Mohawk in 1939 and would later be entertaining as the political hack governor to whom John Wayne waspishly gave the name Humphrey, in the otherwise largely unfunny McLintock. Lowery was in a great number of low-budget and TV Westerns and did actually lead in Universal’s 1944 serial Mystery of the Riverboat and then some Western features. He is consigned to a bit part here, though.


Further still down the billing we have Gene Evans as the drunk deputy, DeForest Kelley as saloon owner Smith’s henchman and Willard Parker in a bit part as heavy. I always like to see Gene, credited by IMDb with no fewer than 157 Western appearances. Kelley, best known of course as Bones in Star Trek, did quite a few feature Westerns and wasn’t at all bad in them. Parker did a lot of Westerns too; he was Cole Younger in Young Jesse James  and was star of Tales of the Texas Rangers on TV. Waco was his very last outing in the saddle, or indeed before the cameras at all.



DeForest is Smith’s henchman


Silent star Richard Arlen, then 67, was wheeled out for a cameo. He plays the sheriff shot down by DeForest in the first reel. In his first talkie Arlen had been Steve in the greatest of all movie versions of The Virginian, the 1929 Gary Cooper one.


And Fuzzy Knight is there too, in a 30-second micropart as the telegraph operator.


Well, that’s enough rambling on about the actors. Although in a way, that was the point of these pictures.


The plot is a bit tired, I fear. Emporia, WY is a wide-open town which drunken cowpokes spend their time hurrahing (rather weakly on the part of the extras). The civic elders send for feared gunfighter Waco (Keel), pardoned from the pen by the governor so that he can come and clean up the town. Crooked saloon owner Joe Gore (Smith) and his henchman Rile (Kelley) don’t care for this idea at all – in fact they were the ones who shot the previous sheriff (Arlen) in the back. They set up two Jenner brothers (Parker and Regis Parton) to gun Waco down on arrival – you see there used to be three brothers but thanks to Waco there are now only two. Their mother, Ma Jenner (Anne Seymour) also wants revenge and she’s pretty handy with a rifle. Of course, Waco easily disposes of these. In fact he makes the two brothers strip (off camera, of course, no nudity here) and burns their clothes on Main Street.


Waco is undecided as to whether to clean up the town as lawman or take it over from Gore. A better actor and writer would have made more of this hesitation. It could have been interesting. Steve Fisher (right) did the screenplay. He worked on a couple of goodish Westerns but mostly did TV work. He was Lyles’s go-to writer for these 60s retro-Westerns. He put in a rape (off camera again, naturally) and the girl attacked (Tracy Olsen) then calls herself “filth” and gets a job as a saloon whore. All rather unsavory. Steve liked the word “filth” though because that’s what Jane Russell has to say to describe Waco. A bit harsh.


You see Waco also wants to come to Emporia to renew acquaintance with his old flame Jill (Russell) but she has wed the local clergyman (Corey) so that’s awkward. Still, he seems to get over it quite quickly.


Everyone appears to have a guilty secret. The pastor rode with Quantrill. Waco wasn’t studying law in prison, as he let it be known, but to become a priest. Naturally he doesn’t want this known. Why not? It’s all rather silly. He has one good line: he says to the town elders, “I’m not as bad as people think I am.” Fair enough. Then he adds, “Maybe worse.”


After that it’s just a straight Earpish-tough-lawman-cleans-up-Dodge type picture with a predictable outcome.


There are too many characters and some of it is confusing. Who are all these people?



It was directed by good old RG Springsteen (left). Mr Springsteen (I don’t think he’s related to Bruce), Bud as everyone called him, started as a wardrobe assistant at Fox back in the silent days and became a mainstay as B-Western director at Republic in the 1940s and 50s. He subsequently moved to TV and directed wagonloads of episodes of Bonanza, Rawhide, Laramie (which I guess is where he met John Smith), Wagon Train et al. He directed very many feature Westerns, though, from Colorado Pioneers in 1945, a Bill Elliott oater, to Hostile Guns in 1967, a late George Montgomery/Yvonne de Carlo flick. Waco was one of his last.


It starts with an unmistakable Lorne Greene ballad which makes Waco sound very like Ringo. It’s reprised at the end, of course.





It was all shot on the Paramount Western town lot, but in color, and it looks rather low budget. There are about thirty seconds of location shooting of ropin’ ‘n’ brandin’, probably lifted from another movie.


Maybe if this picture had been made a decade earlier, with, say, Anthony Mann or Delmer Daves  at the helm and with, I don’t know, Glenn Ford or Henry Fonda as Waco, and maybe someone really good like Ida Lupino or Nancy Gates in the Russell part – and Bettger as saloon boss, obviously – then it might have been really quite good. As it is, well…


15 Responses

  1. WOW! Plenty of sacred cows crumble ere Jeff,and generally I agree with everything
    that you say especially regarding Russell and Donlevy.
    Never liked Keel in Westerns or anything else for that matter.
    Too bad Lex Barker and Guy Madison were busy in Europe-they would have been
    ideal for these Lyles epics.Lyles seemed to corral every second string Western
    star still around at the time with oddly enough Jock Mahoney on the missing
    list for some reason. Great and informative write up-better than the film deserves I might add.

  2. You're on fire in this one, Jeff. Fascinating reading. To stir the pot I think you're wrong about Seven Brides etc. IMHO it deserved its popularity and most of the numbers are superbly staged. The thing I'd like to pick up on is your passing reference to Nancy Gates. I haven't seen her in much and don't know anything about her but she always seems to add gravitas to the female part especially in Commanche Station. Up there with oozit and whatname in Seven Men From Now and The Tall T and, come to think of it, in Decision At Sundown. The weakness of the female casting in Ride Lonesome is a real standout in the series. Paul

    1. Yes, many people like 7B47B. Not moi. In any case, it's not really a Western.
      Nancy Gates wasn't the most famous female lead in Westerns but I thought she was really good. If you prefer, what about Dorothy Malone?
      Budd Boetticher was hardly known for his respectful treatment of women or feminism…

    2. Hi Jeff – Dorothy Malone is one of those actresses I never really noticed and couldn't recognise and then one day quite recently I thought to myself she's in a lot of stuff I like and she's always good. Jack Lemmon was the same. When I was younger it was always Wayne and Cagney and Stewart I thought of as the great stars and then I suddenly realised I'd seen Lemmon in film after film and he never disappointed. Since then I've become aware of a lot of actors like that: don't draw attention to themselves but consistently deliver good performances. Some films I even try out because a particular actor always seems to choose his or her projects well. In Ride Lonesome that woman's whole appearance and especially her pointy bust just don't fit in to what is arguably the most likable of the cycle. I'm sorry I keep blanking on the names but the other 3 were so much stronger and seem happy enough to be photographed looking a mess. Paul

  3. The lady in question was Karen Steele and she was Budd Boetticher's girlfriend (wife?). I thought she was rather good in Scott's "WESTBOUND" personally.

    1. The Wikipedia page on Karen Steele doesn't even mention Boetticher and says she remained married to a psychiatrist until her death from cancer in 1988. But I think it is generally accepted that Budd had a 'thing' for her…

    2. Good link. It sounds pretty credible to me. But it seems they never actually tied the knot, both being already hitched.
      For me, Westbound was the weakest of the Scott/Boetticher series but the Mayo/Steele pairing was interesting.

    3. I agree WESTBOUND(filmed in late 1957, released in 1959) was the weakest of the Scott/Boetticher movies, but it was the first one I saw back in the day. I have always liked Virginia Mayo.

  4. Jeff, since my comment on Meek's Cutoff, I knew I had read something mentionning the women in western and glad to have found it back ! Is there any reason why it is not in your right column list when we can findc there general articles such as the guns or the indians !? Maybe your legendary gallantry !? JM

  5. I had read your text before watching Waco and I am now even more desperate than before in this confinement-containment timew for a western to pick up your subtitle. What a desillusion, this film is a total disappointment… It really sounds more like a cheap serial than a B. As I am charitable I will grant some indulgence to DeForest and Wendell Corey – even if I am still wondering how he has been able to marry Jane Russell!?- 2 revolvers !? Come on, I would not even grant a trigger or a hammer… JM

  6. Just spotted very briefly in her bath Mrs Russell in Johnny Ringo, an other RG Springsteen directed and AC Lyles produced in 1966 starring an aging Dana Andrews, along with Lon Chaney, Tom Drake,John Agar, Robert Lowery – always with his thin Clark Gablish moustache ,Charles Horvath in a short role, and the splendidly vicious psychopatic Lyle Bettger as the mayor having trouble with his daughter. It is mostly an urban western even if there is an indian threat and we see Vazquez Rocks several times. Closer to a TV series episode or a 1950s Western than a late sixties one, but a lot of fun – it even comes with an awful song – and much much better than Waco, thanks to its strong cast, an interesting plot and a real working chemestry between Dana Andrews and Jane. JM

  7. Shame on me ! The real title is Johnny Reno, not Ringo, maybe I have committed some indicative lapsus… After all Johnny, if he is maybe born in Nevada, could have been a US Cavalry officer in his younger years… About the title, the French one, the whole town is guilty, is a kind of spoiler when the american one is focused on The hero.JM

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