Jeff Arnold’s West

The blog of a Western fan, for other Western fans

Joe Dakota (Universal, 1957)


Jocko’s finest hour


By 1957 Jock Mahoney (left) was a mighty experienced Western hand. He’d started as a stuntman, from 1946, doubling for Charles Starrett a lot, later standing in for all sorts of famous Western actors, and very athletic he remained, but in 1950 he got to lead in a couple of Westerns and in 1951 Gene Autry signed him to star in The Range Rider on TV. I loved that show as a boy and became an ardent Jocko fan instanter (though episodes seen today are a bit clunky, I must admit). In 1954 he led in a couple more big-screen oaters and in 1956 he starred in the splendidly-titled Showdown at Abilene. He was, it must be admitted, a bit on the wooden side in that. Still, by 1957 he was ready to top the billing in two Richard Bartlett-directed Westerns for Universal, Joe Dakota, released in October, and the comedy Slim Carter, released a month later.


Bartlett is perhaps best known for his first Western as director, Two-Gun Lady in 1955, with Peggie Castle as gunslingerette, and for directing episodes of George Montgomery’s Cimarron City, but I also like Edgar Buchanan in his The Silver Star. A Western TV show specialist, Bartlett could nevertheless handle a bigger screen and bigger budget.




Jocko arrives in the little town of Arborville which he finds deserted except for a rude teenage girl, Jody (Luana Patten, one of the first two contract players for Walt Disney Studios, who would later appear in A Thunder of Drums and Shoot-Out at Big Sag). All the rest of the townsfolk are out at a cabin, drilling an oil well. Wildcatter Cal Moore (tough guy Charles McGraw), says he bought the property from old Indian Joe Dakota, who has gone away. He has got the whole village working on the well.



McGraw is the tough-guy bossing the town


These villagers include the two loutish brothers Aaron and Adam (Claude Akins and Lee Van Cleef), the mild storekeeper – and Jody’s dad – Frank Weaver (Paul Birch), the troubled Italian immigrant innkeeper Mark/Marco (Anthony Caruso), who serves wine in his tavern and not beer, the timid barber Jim Baldwin (George Dunn), and Frank’s other daughter, i.e. Jody’s sis, the feisty Myrna (Barbara Lawrence), who is head over heels in love with the macho Cal. So, McGraw, Akins, Van Cleef, Birch, Caruso: it’s a good line-up.



Caruso presides in his saloon between the two brothers Van Cleef and Akins


The so-far nameless stranger (Jocko) is the strong, silent type, and he observes with wry, almost amused interest, but the townspeople are hostile, and want him to leave, especially when he starts asking some rather pertinent questions – or, as they think of them, impertinent questions. They seem to have a secret. We are starting to see a Bad Day at Black Rock vibe going on here. Writers Norman Jolley and William Talman, and director Bartlett must have seen that John Sturges film, released two years before. The character of Cal, especially, has something of Bad Day’s Robert Ryan about him.



The stranger meets the town’s sultry vamp (aka bolshie teenager)


Only now does the stranger reveal his name: Joe Dakota. But it can’t be – that was the Indian’s name! But you see the Indian Joe adopted his Army captain’s name, the only one he could write, so that he could sign the deed of ownership to his land. The truth behind the old Indian’s disappearance now gradually comes out (my lips are sealed here, though) as Jocko asserts himself and the code of silence of the townsfolk starts to break down.


The Indian who called himself Joe Dakota is glimpsed in flashback and it’s good old Francis McDonald.




At the crucial moment of dénouement the oil well blows and we get some good scenes of sunlight shining through the gusher. Jocko gets another oil bath. The first time the brothers had pushed him into an oil pool and he had been obliged to bathe in the town horse trough. (It actually took Mahoney two weeks to get entirely clean of the Carbopole used on the set).



He tries to get clean
Bath time
The Conejo Valley locations are arid and bare and nicely shot in Eastman Color by George Robinson, a prolific cinematographer who had started as an actor in 1912 and then spent almost his entire career behind the camera at Universal. Some of the night scenes are especially fine. By day, the isolation and smallness of the town in this desert-like landscape adds to the Bad Day at Black Rock feel. There’s a Sidonis DVD, which means good quality visuals but subtitles you can’t turn off.



The Joseph Gershenson music is light and melodic, and there is occasional musical accompaniment to visual gags. Not that Joe Dakota is a comedy – it isn’t – but there are here and there definite light touches and amusing incongruities. And Jocko shows off a rather pleasant tenor voice while singing The Flower of San Antone in the makeshift tub.


Director Bartlett told the French cinéaste Bertrand Tavernier, “I am a disciple of Christ, and an artist … I hate sex and violence.” And there is indeed something vaguely parable-like in the story. Caruso’s Marco says that the stranger is the “conscience for the whole town” and Joe Dakota brings redemption to the inhabitants, who repent. There is no sex (though Patten’s character is remarkably sultry and Lolita-esque) and only one gunshot, fired in the air at that. But the moral tale isn’t done preachily or in a heavy-handed way; rather with a light touch.


There’s a slightly pat ending which probably spoiled it a bit. But all in all Joe Dakota is a perfectly reasonable late 50s Western with some excellent character actors, a more than competent lead (it might be Mahoney’s best performance) and quite an interesting screenplay. On balance it’s an underrated and little known picture of some class.


Jocko was pleased with some of the reviews, which, while they may not have been absolutely glowing, still rewarded him for the improvement he had made as an actor. The Hollywood Reporter said , “Mahoney is less laconic than usual and does a good job”. Variety even called him “a relaxed, accomplished actor”. Jock Mahoney? But yes.







9 Responses

  1. Super write up,Jeff and the Bartlett quote is most interesting.
    Actually I mistakenly said recently on the Fifties Westerns site that
    writer Blake Lucas was the only critic to give Bartlett any credit-and I
    must admit that I had overlooked your MONEY WOMEN & GUNS review on your
    back pages.
    Also,on that review nice to see some credit for Bartlett's impressive
    micro budget Western TWO GUN LADY.
    I thought Jock's Universal Westerns were all of a very high standard and
    for me,George Sherman's very impressive LAST OF THE FAST GUNS the best
    of the whole lot.
    As I have mentioned before Jock was one of the few second string Western
    stars not to do an A.C.Lyles western,I wonder if he was even asked.
    Lex Barker and Guy Madison were raking it in, in Europe at the time
    so they were not available-I know I'm in a minority but I always
    liked Lex Barker in Westerns.Madison's Spaghetti Westerns are pretty lousy
    but the star aged well and he looked great in those films.
    Jock's later Western CALIFORNIA is terrible and best avoided,a real snooze,
    and even a Lyles effort would have been a huge step up from that clunker.
    Furthermore I would have much rather seen Jock in a Lyles picture rather
    than Howard Keel who I never likes in Westerns.

    1. I really must get round to reviewing Last of the Fast Guns. Apart from anything else, the title is pure 50s Western!
      Interesting thought that, Mahoney in AC Lyles Westerns. He would certainly have qualified!

  2. Really great to see you review this lovely little western, Jeff, and to write it up so well, to boot!
    We are obviously both Jock (Jack) Mahoney fans from way back. I was hooked when "THE RANGE RIDER" came on our TV screens all those years ago. For me, they stand up well still, good production values, reliable casts and the sheer grace and excitement of the stunts galore by Jock and Dick Jones. Teamwork!

    I fully agree with John that all Jock's Universal westerns were very good, with "JOE DAKOTA" & "LAST OF THE FAST GUNS" standing out.

    1. That word 'grace' stands out from your comment, and yes, for me, Jocko mounting a horse was a graceful act.
      Glad you were a fellow devotee of Range Rider!

    2. Jeff, I assume you've read the 2014-published book about Mahoney by Gene Freese? A very entertaining and enjoyable read.

  3. Jeff, add my name to the Jock Mahoney fan club. Yes, he was one of the greatest stuntmen of all time, hands down. Also, I think he was a good actor. He had a physical presence that came across on the screen in an affable way while telling a deadpan joke, or serious in a commanding way. LAST OF THE FAST GUNS(1958) is a good movie worth watching.

    1. I have LOTFG on order from amazon so as soon as it arrives I'll be posting on that one. Jockophiles may rejoice.

  4. I hope to read you on the excellent Charles Mc Graw one day. Even if he is more famous for his Noir films, he appears in a few westerns and I am still wondering why he did not make more considering his strong charism. JM

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