Mormon history 1990s style
It’s a ‘Mormon’ Western and as you know there’s quite a tradition of these, dating probably from Zane Greay’s 1912 novel Riders of the Purple Sage and its many subsequent filmings. Grey was quite anti-Mormon in his writing, at least in that book (less so in its sequel), and the Mormons are definitely the villains of the piece. Celluloid versions tended to be more cautious about this, and sometimes excised Mormonism completely from the tale, having just generic bad guys. Later movies were either pretty weak pro-Mormon whitewash such as Savage Journey or fairly tough anti-Mormon stuff like September Dawn, also not good as a Western. John Ford’s Mormons in Wagonmaster were cheery folk who stopped their wagon train every ten miles to have a dance.
Now I’m not a Mormon, nor do I hate and despise Mormons. I have no axe to grind in this debate. But I do think film makers have a right to make both pro- and anti-Mormon pictures, as long as they are not gratuitously offensive, especially if they are historical and the point of view can be backed up in some way, by some interpretation of history.
The Avenging Angel tells the story of an 1870s plot to kill Brigham Young (played by Heston), and we see goody Mormons and baddy ones, both. Although Berenger plays the central character, Miles Utley (fictional, as far as I know) who is a “Danite”, or assassin employed by the Mormon high command in Missouri in the 1830s to eliminate people they saw as threats – and indeed he unceremoniously slits the throat of a prominent critic of the elders in the first reel – he is still portrayed as essentially one of the good guys. Wikipedia tells us (so it must be true) that “There is no evidence that the Danites existed after 1838. However, they remained an important part of Mormon and non-Mormon folklore, polemics, and propaganda for the remainder of the 19th century.” Certainly many former Danites (let’s call them that) occupied prominent paramilitary or law enforcement roles in the new settlements in Utah.
One of these was the famous Orrin Porter Rockwell, known as the Destroying Angel of Mormondom, and perhaps that’s where this movie got its title – the idea that these gunmen were acting violently in defense of the faith and its leaders. Disaffected and dissenting ex-Mormon Ann Eliza Young (1844 to 1917), one of Brigham Young’s 55 wives, stated that Rockwell gained fame as one of Young’s “Destroying Angels” – though no reference to the existence of such a group can be found outside her writings. Rockwell was certainly one of the most colorful characters of the old West. I was talking about him back in March 2015 when reviewing Craig Johnson’s novel A Serpent’s Tooth, in which he features. He also is one of the lead characters in Leo Gordon’s novel Powderkeg, which I have also reviewed (find both in the index).
In the movie Rockwell is played by the excellent James Coburn. He tells how Joseph Smith, whose bodyguard he was, told him never to shave or cut his hair, and this would, Samson-like, make him invincible. It seems to work – though a Clint-style iron breastplate also helps. He was supposed to be the original utterer of the ‘justification’, “I never killed anyone who didn’t need killing”. Quite a few needed killing, though, according to him.
Ann Eliza also appears in the movie, as the main love interest of hero Miles, but as Eliza
Rigby, the estranged wife of another Mormon elder (Kevin Tighe), and she is played by Leslie Hope. Also featuring is Miranda (Fay Masterson), a daughter of Brigham Young, with whom Miles dallies before falling for Eliza, the suggestion being that it was a way for him to become a ‘son’ of Young, whom he idolized. Unfortunately, the writing of the screenplay, or teleplay, is anachronistic and the diction of both women very modern, so that neither comes across as at all convincing as a nineteenth-century Mormon.
The picture was written by Dennis Nemec, his only Western, from a novel by Gary Stewart, who apparently “grew up in a traditional Mormon family in St. George, Utah.”
The director was Craig R Baxley, second unit director on The Long Riders.
Berenger was a co-producer.
As for Heston, he doesn’t do a bad job as Young. Charlton was in his seventies by then, about the same age as Young was in the early 1870s. I have been accused of bias as regards Charlton Heston in Westerns. Guilty as charged. I don’t like him. He always seemed to me rather sour, somehow, and several of the oaters he was in weren’t at all good. I make an exception for Will Penny, a fine film in which he was excellent.
It is entertaining also to see Jeffrey Jones, who for me will always be newspaperman AW Merrick from Deadwood, as a leading Mormon in cahoots with Rigby who (viewers peg this immediately, so no spoiler here) is a ringleader of the anti-Brigham plot.
At the risk of offending reader Barry, I found Berenger to be a bit on the bland side in this, and hardly charismatic as the semi-goody, regretful assassin ‘hero’. I think he suffered by comparison with Coburn. Perhaps Tom was better in other things.
One good thing, the would-be assassin of Young tries to do him in with a derringer, a proper over-and-under Remington one, so that sent the movie up in my estimation. Mind, it was a bit foolish of her to try killing him with that purse gun across a large crowded meeting room. Of course she didn’t know that Berenger was a crack shot and would shoot her.
At one point they get to Fort Kanab. Sadly, Fort Kanab, movie set of so many Westerns, had burned down by then, so they had to invent a rather measly stockade in front of a standard Western town and call that Fort Kanab. It was shot in Utah, though. Well, it would be.
Miles has some good firearms: a fine Henry repeater, a .44 Smith & Wesson revolver and a lightweight “Police .36 caliber”. The police special turns out to be not so reliable (for some odd reason the font’s changed there and I can’t get it back).
The ending was rather good, I thought, properly Western, as there is a final shoot-out at Brigham Young’s home in St George.
You could watch this. You may not be wonderfully well instructed in Utah history but you might while away 91 minutes quite painlessly.
There would later be a Hallmark TV movie Avenging Angel, with no The, but it’s no relation.
Rockwell's most notorious act was shooting a former governor of Missouri in the head (he survived) because of his anti-Mormon actions. He got caught because he bought a rare German pistol for the act, which he left behind. It's surprising that he survived as long as he did.
Controversy still reigns over the Boggs assassination attempt. For me, the balance of probability is that Rockwell did it, perhaps on Joseph Smith's orders, but no one can be sure.
This is off topic, Jeff, and I'll delete it after you've had a chance to see it. I watched The Sisters Brothers last night and thought you would find it interesting. It's quirky, somewhat like the Cohen Brothers' or Tarantino's work. It has really interesting characters and fine acting. I look forward to seeing your review sometime in the future. Oh, the director is French, so I thought you might have some perspectives that others don't.
I'm planning to review THE SISTERS BROTHERS so we'll talk more about it then!
A cute reference, Jeff. I do not personally have a stake in whether anyone likes Berenger's work or not, but I do not at all care for the Tucson critic's reference, 'low budget actor.' Untrue, cavalier, and just bull shit. Now about the Mormons, Zane grey was probably onto something; his negative rferences are all about 19th century people, irrelevant today, and surely not applicable across the board then, but still…in play
I remain strictly neutral on whether Mormons wore black hats or white ones…
Jeff, an other "mormon" western is Henry Hathaway's Brigham Young Frontiersman, after a Louis Bromfield script, with Tyrone Power, Linda Darnel, Vincent Price as Joseph Smith and Dean Jagger as Brigham Young. I do not remember though if a film was made about the Mormon war against the US or the Meadows Mountain massacre where the Mormons, dressed up with Indian outfits, had butchered a pioneer wagon train including women and children in southwestern Utah? What about the Mormon battalion, an other interesting subject? Besides, I fully agree with PMA about Jacques Audiard's Sisters brothers with its stellar cast, John C. Reilly, Joaquin Phoenix, Jake Gyllenhaal, Riz Ahmed and Rutger Hauer, which has been very well received in Europe and not only in France… JM
Yes, I thought of that one but can't remember it well enough now. I need to see it again.
SEPTEMBER DAWN is about the MM massacre.
I don't know of any movie about the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War. Leo Gordon mentions it in his novel Powderkeg.
I'm planning to review THE SISTERS BROTHERS so we'll talk more about t then!